What Home Improvements Are Tax Deductible in 2024?

Home improvements can enhance the comfort, value, and functionality of a property. However, many homeowners are often curious about which of these upgrades might also provide tax benefits. Understanding the tax implications of various home improvements can potentially save homeowners significant money when tax season arrives. As of 2024, there are several types of home improvements that may qualify for tax deductions or credits. This article provides a detailed overview of which home improvements are tax deductible in 2024, how to qualify for these deductions, and tips for maximizing your tax benefits.

Energy-Efficient Improvements

One of the most significant areas where homeowners can gain tax benefits is through energy-efficient improvements. The U.S. government encourages energy conservation by offering tax credits and deductions for certain energy-efficient home upgrades. These improvements can reduce your utility bills and also provide substantial tax savings.

Qualified Energy Property Credits

The Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) of 2022 introduced the Energy Efficient Home Improvement Credit, which continues through 2032. For the tax year 2024, homeowners can claim up to $3,200 annually for a variety of energy-efficient upgrades, including:

  1. Insulation: Adding or improving insulation in walls, roofs, or floors can qualify for a tax credit.
  2. Energy-Efficient Windows and Doors: Installing windows and doors that meet the ENERGY STAR requirements can lead to significant savings.
  3. HVAC Systems: Upgrading to high-efficiency heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems can also provide a tax credit.
  4. Water Heaters: Switching to energy-efficient water heaters, such as those powered by solar energy, qualifies for credits.

To claim these credits, the improvements must meet specific efficiency criteria, and the costs must be documented. The maximum credit for any single improvement is typically capped, so consult the IRS guidelines or a tax professional for detailed eligibility requirements.

Medical Home Improvements

Certain home improvements made for medical reasons can also be tax-deductible. The IRS allows deductions for medical expenses that exceed 7.5% of your adjusted gross income (AGI). If the home modifications are medically necessary, they may be deducted as a medical expense.

Examples of Deductible Medical Home Improvements

  1. Wheelchair Ramps: Adding ramps for wheelchair access can be deductible if they are medically required.
  2. Widening Doorways: Modifying doorways to accommodate a wheelchair or other medical equipment can qualify.
  3. Bathroom Modifications: Installing grab bars, handrails, or other bathroom modifications can be deductible if they are necessary for medical reasons.
  4. Lowering Counters and Cabinets: Adjusting the height of kitchen or bathroom fixtures for easier access can also be included.

It’s important to note that only the cost of the improvement that exceeds any increase in the home’s value can be deducted. For example, if the installation of a wheelchair ramp increases the home’s value by $1,000, and the total cost of installation is $5,000, only $4,000 is deductible.

Home Office Improvements

With the rise of remote work, many homeowners have dedicated spaces in their homes for work purposes. Home office improvements can also be deductible if you qualify for the home office deduction. To qualify, the space must be used regularly and exclusively for business purposes.

Deductible Home Office Improvements

  1. Repairs and Maintenance: Routine repairs and maintenance in the home office area can be fully deductible.
  2. Structural Improvements: Improvements that benefit the entire home, such as a new roof or HVAC system, can be partially deductible based on the percentage of your home used for business.
  3. Depreciation: Significant improvements to the home office space, such as adding new lighting or built-in storage, can be depreciated over time.

The home office deduction can be claimed using either the simplified method, which provides a flat rate per square foot, or the regular method, which involves calculating actual expenses and the percentage of your home used for business.

Capital Improvements and Selling Your Home

Certain improvements that add to the value of your home or prolong its useful life can be classified as capital improvements. These costs can increase the adjusted basis of your home, potentially reducing the capital gains tax when you sell.

Examples of Capital Improvements

  1. Additions and Extensions: Adding a new room, a garage, or an additional bathroom can significantly enhance your home’s value.
  2. Major Renovations: Renovations such as a new kitchen, a remodeled bathroom, or extensive landscaping improvements can be considered capital improvements.
  3. Upgraded Systems: Installing a new plumbing system, electrical wiring, or roof are other examples of capital improvements.

While these improvements are not deductible in the year they are made, they can reduce your taxable gain when you sell your home. It’s crucial to keep detailed records of all capital improvements to ensure you maximize your benefits.

Rental Property Improvements

If you own rental property, improvements made to the property can also provide tax benefits. The IRS allows you to depreciate the cost of significant improvements over the useful life of the property.

Deductible Rental Property Improvements

  1. Structural Enhancements: Major renovations, such as adding a new roof or upgrading the HVAC system, are deductible through depreciation.
  2. Safety and Accessibility Upgrades: Installing smoke detectors, sprinkler systems, or accessibility features can be depreciated.
  3. Cosmetic Improvements: New flooring, painting, or kitchen upgrades can also be depreciated, increasing the value of your rental property.

To claim these deductions, it’s important to differentiate between repairs (which can be deducted in the year they occur) and improvements (which must be depreciated).

How to Maximize Your Tax Benefits

To make the most of tax deductions for home improvements, follow these tips:

  1. Keep Detailed Records: Maintain all receipts, invoices, and documentation related to your home improvements.
  2. Consult a Tax Professional: Tax laws can be complex and subject to change. A tax professional can provide personalized advice and ensure you claim all eligible deductions.
  3. Plan Improvements Strategically: Schedule improvements that qualify for deductions within the same tax year to maximize your benefits.
  4. Understand Qualification Criteria: Make sure your improvements meet the IRS requirements for deductions or credits.


Understanding which home improvements are tax deductible in 2024 can provide substantial financial benefits. By focusing on energy-efficient upgrades, medically necessary modifications, home office improvements, capital improvements, and rental property enhancements, homeowners can significantly reduce their tax liability. Always consult the latest IRS guidelines or a tax professional to ensure compliance and maximize your deductions. With careful planning and record-keeping, you can enjoy the dual benefits of a more comfortable home and significant tax savings.

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